Long-term safety and efficacy of velmanase alfa treatment in children under 6 years of age with alpha-mannosidosis: A phase 2, open label, multicenter study

Journal of Inherited Metabolic Diseases, Volume 46, Issue 4, July 2023, Pages 705-719

Nathalie Guffon, Vassiliki Konstantopoulou, Julia B. Hennermann, Nicole Muschol, Irene Bruno, Albina Tummolo, Ferdinando Ceravolo, Giulia Zardi, Andrea Ballabeni, Allan Lund

Alpha-mannosidosis (AM) is a rare, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disorder caused by alpha-mannosidase deficiency that leads to the accumulation of mannose-rich oligosaccharides. AM symptoms and severity vary among individuals; consequently, AM is often not diagnosed until late childhood. Velmanase alfa (VA), a recombinant human lysosomal alpha-mannosidase product, is the first enzyme replacement therapy indicated to treat non-neurological symptoms of AM in Europe. Previous studies suggested that early VA treatment in children may produce greater clinical benefit over the disease course than starting treatment in adolescents or adults; however, long-term studies in children are limited, and very few studies include children under 6 years of age. The present phase 2, multicenter, open-label study evaluated the safety and efficacy of long-term VA treatment in children under 6 years of age with AM. Five children (three males) received VA weekly for ≥24 months, and all children completed the study. Four children experienced adverse drug reactions (16 events) and two experienced infusion-related reactions (12 events). Most (99.5%) adverse events were mild or moderate, and none caused study discontinuation. Four children developed antidrug antibodies (three were neutralizing). After VA treatment, all children improved in one or more efficacy assessments of serum oligosaccharide concentrations (decreases), hearing, immunological profile, and quality of life, suggesting a beneficial effect of early treatment. Although the small study size limits conclusions, these results suggest that long-term VA treatment has an acceptable safety profile, is well tolerated, and may provide potential benefits to patients with AM under 6 years of age.